A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their by Adriaen van der Donck

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By Adriaen van der Donck

This variation of an outline of latest Netherland presents the 1st whole and actual English-language translation of a necessary first-hand account of the lives and global of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden college within the 1640s, turned the legislations enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, situated alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to have interaction largely with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, special recorder, and obtainable author, Van der Donck used to be preferably located to write down approximately his reviews and the traditional and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant  was once first released in 1655 after which increased in 1656. An faulty and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and used to be reprinted in 1968. This new quantity positive factors a correct, polished translation via Diederik Willem Goedhuys and contains all of the fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variations. the result's an integral first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)

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Example text

Once planted, this fruit, known locally as Spanish bacon, grows very luxuriantly and big. Those who from curiosity have weighed them found some to be seventeen pounds in weight. Owing to the warm climate the melons over there are more delicious and pleasant to eat and will not disagree with anyone however many he eats, provided they are fully ripe. 33 This vegetable grows and proliferates more abundantly than the melon, so much so that some people plant it in order effectively to clear the land and subdue natural woodland for turning into arable fields.

People there will eat as many as six watermelons against one melon, even when they can have as many of both as they wish. Watermelons normally grow as big as a man’s head. I have seen some the size of the stoutest Leiden cabbages, except that they have more of an oblong shape. Inside they are white or red; the red have red pits, and the white black pits. When they are to be eaten, the rind is cut off to about a finger thick. All the rest is very good to eat — a light-textured pulp like a wet sponge in which the pits are embedded.

The grape and its juice are not all of one kind or color. There are grapes with a bluish skin, some lighter than others, a few are reddish, others quite white like muscatels, so in general, they come in four colors. The grapes and the bunches vary in size; the white and the red are about as big as the best Netherlands muscatels, while the blue may be big or small. The big grapes tend to be pulpy and are therefore commonly known as port grapes, but the experts consider that proper cultivation will remove that defect.

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