A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick

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By Gwendolyn Leick

This Dictionary supplies a finished survey of the total diversity of old close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the large temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the important forms of historic structure inside their geographical and ancient context, and describes beneficial properties of significant websites reminiscent of Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a number of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of ordinary historic architectural constructions similar to pyramids, tombs and homes, information the development fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies expert terminology.

Alternate ISBNs:
0203041070 grasp book ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader structure)

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They were virtually indispensable for monumental buildings because they could span much larger spaces (8–12m), and exports to Egypt and Mesopotamia are attested from the 3rd millennium BC onwards. Beni-Hasan Egypt, see map p. xvi. Cemetery on a cliffface on the E side of the Nile near Minya. It contains thirty-nine ROCK TOMBS dating from the XI and XII Dynasties (c. Beni-Hasan: rock-cut tomb (Middle Kingdom) 2133–1786 BC) which had been commissioned by wealthy administrators (nomarchs). The oldest tombs at Beni-Hasan have a simple square tomb-chamber with a single or treble row of columns or pillars cut from the rock.

It measured 61m×62m at the base; the original height and the mode of access are unknown. 80m wide). East of the ziggurat, which stood alone in its own enclosure, is the site of the Middle Assyrian Old Palace with its almost square ground plan (c. 30m×98m). It comprised one large and several smaller courtyards, surrounded by transverse shallow rooms. A much larger New Palace was planned by Tukulti-Ninurta I (1244–1208 BC) but hardly anything remains of this structure. His reconstruction of the Ishtar temple is much better known.

A sanctuary within the citadel is claimed to have been a Jewish temple. It consisted of a courtyard and a broad chamber at the entrance of which were two pillars, maybe similar to ‘Joachin and Boaz’ of Solomo’s Temple. A small room, more like a niche, protruded outwards from the wall opposite the entrance and contained two small stone altars and a ‘masseba’ (cult-stone). , ‘Arad, a Biblical City’, Archaeology 17 (1964) 43–53 arch Although the arch played a minor role in the Ancient Near East compared to its prominent position in Islamic architecture, it was probably more conspicuous than the archaeological records suggest.

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