A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva

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By Irina Nikolaeva

The publication is the 1st big description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of eu Russia. It offers a long-lasting piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any element of grammar may perhaps end up to be of power value for the sector of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically difficult.

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Additional resources for A Grammar of Tundra Nenets

Example text

G. noxa ‘polar fox’ is pronouced as [noxo], tux° ‘fly’ is pronounced as [tuxu] with a very short u at the end, and jixəsʹ° ‘rubbing’ is pronounced as [jixisjə] with a short i after x. Vowel sequences cannot normally precede x. 2 Consonants The consonant inventory of the Eastern dialects, from which most examples in this book are cited, is as follows: Phonemic inventory nasals stops voiceless voiced affricates fricatives glides laterals trills labial non-palatalized palatalized dental palatal m p b mʹ pʹ bʹ n t d c s nʹ tʹ dʹ cʹ sʹ l r lʹ rʹ w velar glottal ŋ k q/h 19 x y The sign ʹ here marks phonemic palatalization.

G. in the formation of perfective participles: the participial suffix -mi° is realized as -wi° after a vowel-final stem, cf. lador-mi° ‘beaten’ vs. xada-wi° ‘killed’. The consonants t (d after a vowel) and s change to q before a consonant or a pause. This is especially typical of the stems ending in t or s, where the stem-final consonant is only visible before a vowel-initial affix, cf. mʹis-°q (CONNEG) and mʹiq-l°xawi° (REP), both derived from the verbal stem mʹis- ‘to give’. There are many nouns that end in -q in the basic nominative form due to the change t/d, s > q, but the primary stem actually ends in t (d) or s.

The consonants t (d after a vowel) and s change to q before a consonant or a pause. This is especially typical of the stems ending in t or s, where the stem-final consonant is only visible before a vowel-initial affix, cf. mʹis-°q (CONNEG) and mʹiq-l°xawi° (REP), both derived from the verbal stem mʹis- ‘to give’. There are many nouns that end in -q in the basic nominative form due to the change t/d, s > q, but the primary stem actually ends in t (d) or s. g. in the accusative plural form, cf. ACC) vs.

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