A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology by Edwin A. Lyon

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By Edwin A. Lyon

Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize

This finished examine offers a heritage of recent Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Thirties and early Nineteen Forties and makes a speciality of the initiatives of the Federal Emergency aid management, the Civil Works management, the Works development management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park carrier, and the Smithsonian Institution.

using basic assets together with correspondence and unpublished reviews, Lyon demonstrates the nice significance of the hot Deal tasks within the historical past of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology remodeled the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the foundation for the self-discipline that exists this present day. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity valuable in reconstructing the historical past of the tasks that generated the various collections that now fill our museums.


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He was aware of work in the kitchen middens of Europe. "s1 Southeastern Archaeology before the Depression I7 Other mounds were composed of homogeneous material. He stressed that he carefully measured depth in the excavation and distinguished original burials from intrusive burials. Holmes prepared a report on the ceramic collection. " He agreed with Moore's conclusion that the first occupants of the St. John's River area did not use pottery. "In a number of cases where there is a succession of layers in the midden deposits the lower strata are without pottery.

The investigators found postmolds in a rectilinear pattern in the midden. Excavation of the burial mound revealed six periods of use of the mound: three as a living site and three for burial. Pottery was found, particularly in the midden. Stirling found little proof of cultural change and concluded that the culture was probably static. "3!

David Dejarnette and Walter B. Jones represented the Alabama Museum of Natural History. James Ford from Mississippi also attended. Swanton gave two presentations to the conference. One was a paper titled "Southeastern Indians of History," in which he argued that the heaviest concentration of the population was along the Gulf Coast and the Mississippi River. These groups relied on fish and shellfish for food until introduction of horticulture led to a shift of population into the interior and abandonment of sections of the Gulf Coast.

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