Activity in Marx’s Philosophy by Norman D. Livergood

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By Norman D. Livergood

This essay makes an attempt to illustrate the importance of the main of task within the philosophy of Karl Marx. the primary of task in Marx has either a common and a selected that means. commonly the princi­ ple refers back to the activist point in Marxian perform motivating either Marx and his modern devotees. the explicit side of the main pertains to Marx's philosophy - the primary of task being that con­ cept which underlies the whole process. task for Marx is either a philosophic idea and a component of human adventure demanded via his approach. Marx, that's, not just theorizes approximately task but in addition illustrates his idea in hislife. as a result, we discover the primary of task either in his writings and in his doings. the phrases motion, Tiitigkeit, or Praxis to consult Marx quite often used the main of task. No significant thinker has totally handled the concept that of motion. We occasionally think that motion in basic terms happens after we can realize a few outward outcome or movement. Spinoza's definition of motion disallows this slender interpretation of job. I say that we act whilst whatever is finished, both inside of us or with no us, of which we're the sufficient reason, that's to claim ... whilst from our nature whatever follows, both inside us or with no, which via that nature on my own should be in actual fact and 1 noticeably understood.

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Only the individual's caprice, Hegel contends, is restrained according to the more universal will. The individual's real will is emancipated. As the self forms a rational structure of morality which is incorporated into law and custom, it is sustained by the State. The State as the concretion and foundation of morality is its own end and the individual's highest duty is to be a member of the State. The State is the common Self or the general will. Since the State is objective mind the individual gains reality only as a member of this entity.

Jackson, op. , p. 55. 22 ACTIVITY AND KNOWLEDGE ously changing agent knows a continually changing environment, and, by reason of his knowledge, gives it the impetus to further change. If knowing is the preliminary to action, matter is, for Marx its opportunity. He conceives of matter as a kind of raw material which is known in order that it may be transformed by the knowing individual into a completed product. There can, then, be no such thing as disinterested thought, thought which is merely concerned to know, and objective truth is a figment.

For the Pragmatist that knowledge is true which "works for me," which appears "attractive to me," which fulfills the personal desires of the Pragmatist himself. For the Marxist, that knowledge is true which, when applied, is productive of progress and development in the objective world of material reality.! Such comparison would seem less fruitful than a consideration of Marx and Dewey in relation to their theories of knowledge. Dewey's instrumentalism has objective features which are similar to Marx.

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